This Style Guide explains the markup and design requirements for web projects, along with various standards and best practices.
projects authored in valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional and styled with valid Cascading Style Sheets will be described here. See the XHTML and CSS sections below for details. Additional sections of this Style Guide, coming soon, will provide information on writing for the web, naming and filing your documents, and other useful topics and guidelines.
XHTML: Guidelines & Benefits
Library projects must be authored in structural XHTML 1.0 Transitional. Page authors should follow accessibility guidelines in compliance with U.S. Law, and so that our site’s content will be made available to the widest possible number of people, browsers, and Internet devices. In addition, all XHTML must validate.
- XHTML Guidelines
- The rules of XHTML as compared to HTML—an easy transition
- What is XML?
- A brief introduction to the foundation of XHTML
- XHTML Benefits
- Four key benefits of converting from HTML to XHTML
- XHTML Authoring Tips & Tools There are many different types of software that you can write in Java to make use of XML. I have created 3 major categories to describe certain types of apps (that are currently popular) that are really well suited to the use of XML. This is by no means a comprehensive set of categories; you can create your own, and many more major categories will emerge as XML becomes more popular.
- Simplifying the work process—includes tips on thinking structurally, and tools for hand-coders and Dreamweaver users
- XHTML Accessibility Tips
- Making sure your pages can be read by all visitors, browsers, and devices
- XHTML Validation
- Ensuring interoperability by avoiding errors and sticking to standards
The simplest category of XML Java applications is the kind of Java application that stores information in XML documents (files). This is illustrated in Figure 1. By using XML to create your own markup languages (i.e. your own file formats for your information) in an open way, you don't have to use propietary and binary file formats. Using XML over proprietary binary file formats, allows your applications to have immense inter operability across platforms, applications and even programming languages. Since any kind of markup language can be defined using XML (you can even formalize it by creating a DTD for it) applications can store their information using their own markup languages. For example, address book information can be stored in an AddressBookML file. A few commercial programs currently available allow saving their application data to XML files, e.g., Framemaker can save its documents as XML files.
CSS: Style Sheets & Tips
Library projects must use valid Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to control typography, color, and other layout elements. Style Sheets must be linked in a way that accommodates the capabilities of new and old browsers.
- CSS Guidelines
- Tips on authoring and linking to Style Sheets
- Steal These Style Sheets!
- Style Sheets for your use in Library projects
- CSS Validation
- Ensuring that your Style Sheets are error-free (same as XHTML validation)
A number of valid Style Sheets have been provided for your use. If you wish to create your own Style Sheets, please discuss your requirements with the Branch Library’s Web Coordinator.